Welcome to the Department of Justice, Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller

For immediate release -- Friday, February 4, 2000.
Contact Bob Brammer - 515-281-6699

State Alleges "Sham" Transactions in
Smithfield/Murphy Acquisition Case

DES MOINES-- Attorney General Tom Miller filed an amended petition in Humboldt County District Court today alleging that Smithfield Foods Inc. is involved in a sham transaction designed for the sole purpose of permitting pork processing giant Smithfield to control hog feedlots in Iowa.

Iowa's Corporate Farming Law prohibits meat processors from owning, operating or controlling feedlots in Iowa where hogs are fed for slaughter.

Miller filed a lawsuit January 24 to block Smithfield acquisition of Murphy's pork production assets in Iowa, and District Court Judge Ronald Schechtman issued a temporary injunction later that day barring such an acquisition. On January 28, Smithfield, the world's largest hog producer and pork processor, announced that it was acquiring Murphy Farms, the nation's second largest hog production operation. Miller immediately asked Smithfield to provide information about how the acquisition complies with Iowa law and Judge Schechtman's temporary injunction.

"Today we are alleging that transactions purporting to transfer Murphy's Iowa hog production assets to a third party are a sham designed for the sole purpose of creating an appearance of compliance by Smithfield with Iowa's corporate farming statute," Miller said.

"We allege that Smithfield still maintains control of Iowa feedlots, and that's a violation," he said.

The Attorney General's amended petition, filed Friday morning in Humboldt County District Court in Dakota City, Iowa, again lists Smithfield Foods as a defendant, and it adds Stoecker Farms Inc. as a defendant. The petition lists several transactions involving Stoecker Farms, Murphy, and Smithfield:
  • Stoecker Farms Inc. began its corporate existence on or about Jan. 20, 2000. The sole known officer and shareholder is Randall D. Stoecker, of 2948 Cypress Circle in Ames.
  • On or about January 24, Stoecker acquired the Iowa assets of Murphy Farms Inc., including all of Murphy's feeder pigs and hogs in Iowa. The Attorney General's Farm Division estimates conservatively that Murphy has at least 900,000 pigs and hogs in Iowa.

  • Murphy loaned Stoecker $79,384,248 -- the entire purchase price paid by Stoecker for Murphy's Iowa assets. Stoecker procured the loan "without any financial input or wherewithal of his own," the petition said. The only payment made by Stoecker were two promissory notes which defer repayment of most of the debt for at least ten years.

  • "Immediately thereafter, Murphy transferred all its remaining Iowa assets" to Smithfield, the petition says - including the financial documents of Murphy's loan to Stoecker - "thereby putting Smithfield in total and complete control of Stoecker's finances and without any further or additional infusion of capital or other collateral."

The transfers are "accomplished for the sole purpose of permitting Smithfield, a processor prohibited by Iowa Code Chapter 9H from owning, operating or controlling a feedlot in Iowa in which hogs are fed for slaughter, to in fact control feedlots."

Miller asked the Court to appoint a "Special Master" at Smithfield's expense with powers to investigate "the many transactions involved, perform an accounting, and file a comprehensive report of his findings with the Court for purposes of implementing an appropriate final decision." The petition asked the Court to name Eric W. Lam as Special Master.

The Attorney General asked the Court then to require Stoecker Farms to "disgorge all its holdings" and "prohibit Smithfield Foods Inc. from directly or indirectly participating in any manner with the operation or control of Iowa feedlots."

The lawsuit filed by the Attorney General on January 24 argued that if Smithfield acquired Murphy Farms assets in Iowa Smithfield would retain essential control of pork production at about 300 sites in Iowa where Iowa producers have swine production contracts with Murphy Farms. The contracts specify that Murphy had authority over most important management decisions, from ownership, source and marketing of the hogs, to the hogs' sex, feed ration, medication, and transportation.

Judge Schechtman already had set a hearing February 10 on Miller's request for a preliminary injunction while the matter is considered by the Court. That hearing remains scheduled.