For immediate release -- Wednesday, March 8, 2006.
Contact Bill Roach -- 515-281-5536
Miller: Cigarette Sales in the U.S.
Reach Historic 55-year Low
Attorneys General say fewer Americans are smoking since public health restrictions were imposed by the landmark Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement in 1998.
DES MOINES. Attorney General Tom Miller and colleagues announced today a historic drop in the number of cigarettes sold in the United States last year. Cigarette sales in 2005 declined by
4.2% from 2004 levels, marking the largest one-year percentage decrease in cigarette sales since 1999, according to figures compiled by the Tobacco Tax Bureau of the United
States Department of the Treasury.
More important, the 2005 sales figures continue the unprecedented long-term decline in cigarette smoking that began with the settlement of lawsuits brought by state Attorneys
General against the major tobacco companies. Cigarette sales in the U.S. have fallen by more than 21% since the state Attorneys General negotiated the landmark 1998 tobacco
Master Settlement Agreement (MSA), which imposed public health restrictions on the advertising, promotion and marketing of cigarettes by tobacco companies.
The 378 billion cigarettes sold in the United States in 2005 represented the lowest number of cigarettes sold in the United States since 1951. This decline is even more impressive
because the United States population has more than doubled since that time.
"The continuing long-term decline shows that we are winning the battle against cigarette smoking, and that the MSA and the other tobacco state settlement agreements have made a
difference," Miller said. "The decline in 2005 was one of the largest single-year declines in history and is evidence that the long-term downward trend is continuing." Miller is Co-Chair of the Tobacco Committee of the National Association of Attorneys General.
"The decline in cigarette
sales and overall smoking prevalence is a huge public health success,"
Miller said. "In the years immediately prior to the States' settlement
agreements with the tobacco companies, cigarette sales in the United States
had reached a plateau. By contrast, the eight-year decline in cigarette
sales of 21.1% since the MSA is unprecedented."
The MSA created a broad array of restrictions on the advertising, marketing and promotion of cigarettes. For example, it prohibited the targeting of youth in cigarette advertising. It
also prohibited outdoor advertising of cigarettes and the advertising of cigarettes in public transit facilities, as well as the use of cigarette brand names on merchandise, and a host of
other restrictions. The payment provisions of the MSA were designed to compensate the states in part for the billions of dollars in health care costs associated with treating tobacco-related diseases under state Medicaid programs.
"Tobacco is the number-one cause of preventable death in the United States," Miller said. "As advocates for the public interest, Attorneys General across the country are actively
and successfully working to enforce the provisions of the MSA to reduce tobacco use and protect consumers from its deadly toll," he said.
"The work of the Attorneys General in negotiating the tobacco MSA focused attention on the conduct of the tobacco companies and the dangers of cigarette smoking," he said.
"The continued enforcement efforts of the MSA's provisions by Attorneys General, along with other health advocates, have made a marked difference in the number of smokers
across the country, particularly among youth."
Miller said: "The States have been accused of becoming addicted to tobacco settlement money and wanting to keep cigarette sales high in order to maximize their revenues, but
nothing could be farther from the truth. In fact, the costs imposed on the States to treat cigarette-related diseases far exceeds the revenues the States get from the settlement proceeds
and taxes. The States applaud the decline in cigarette sales and have worked hard and effectively to bring about this result."
Attorneys general have also directly addressed the issue of youth tobacco use by aggressively enforcing the settlement agreements against violations by the tobacco companies -
such as Brown & Williamson's "Kool Mixx" marketing campaign that sought to use hip-hop culture to promote cigarettes; pursuing agreements with major retailers to ensure that
they do not sell tobacco products to underage persons; and suing Internet tobacco vendors who sell tobacco products without verifying the age of their purchasers. Recently, the
State of Vermont sued Reynolds American Tobacco Company, alleging that advertising of its Eclipse brand was making health claims that could not be substantiated. That suit is
Idaho Attorney General Lawrence Wasden, co-chair of the NAAG Tobacco Committee and Treasurer of the American Legacy Foundation, said: "In addition, through the
combined efforts of our public health community and the work of the American Legacy Foundation and its truth campaign, we're seeing increased public awareness through
vigorous anti-smoking campaign advertising and educational outreach." The MSA created the American Legacy Foundation, funded by payments from the tobacco companies, to
promote awareness of the health effects of tobacco.
"It is not a coincidence that cigarette sales are down and fewer people are smoking. The Master Settlement Agreement was designed to protect the public and reduce cigarette
consumption - and it does just that," said Vermont Attorney General Bill Sorrell, Chair of the American Legacy Foundation, a national public health organization committed to
building a world where young people reject tobacco and anyone can quit.
Cheryl Healton, Dr. P.H., President and CEO of the American Legacy Foundation, said: "The Master Settlement Agreement placed significant restrictions on the advertising and
marketing practices of the tobacco companies, and also provided funding for an effective anti-smoking public education campaign targeted directly at youth. These new numbers
conclusively demonstrate that the combination of these two factors - - together with the hard work of the Attorneys General and the public health community - - has resulted in
major reduction in smoking rates since the MSA was signed."
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