DIGEST OF DECISIONS OF THE IOWA CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION: JANUARY 1, 1993 TO DECEMBER 31, 1994.

 

AREA OF JURISDICTION

Employment.

James A. Montz (Attorney's fees).

Dorothy A. Abbas

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Housing

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Tammy R. Collins

Public Accommodation

Connie Zesch-Luense

 

BASIS OF COMPLAINT

Aiding and Abetting (includes retaliation)

Dorothy A. Abbas

Vincent Lewis

Connie Zesch-Luense

National Origin

Connie Zesch-Luense

Race

Tammy R. Collins

Connie Zesch-Luense

Sex

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies


INCIDENTS OF ALLEGED DISCRIMINATION AND RETALIATION

Assignment of Job Duties

Dorothy A. Abbas

Connie Zesch-Luense

Compelling or Coercing Another to Discriminate

Connie Zesch-Luense

Discrimination in Housing Due to Race of Relatives/Others Present As Invitees

Tammy R. Collins

Discharge

Connie Zesch-Luense

Equal Pay

Alice Peyton

Failure to Classify/Refer for Employment

Stacey Davies

Failure to Consider/Hire/Promote

Maxine Boomgarden

Stacey Davies

Failure to Provide Equal Services

Connie Zesch-Luense

Failure to Rent Housing

Tammy R. Collins

Failure to Sell Housing

Vincent Lewis

Increased Scrutiny By Supervisor(s)

Dorothy A. Abbas

Indication That Persons of A Particular Race Are Unwelcome as Tenants

Tammy R. Collins

Indication That Persons of a Particular Race Are Unwelcome as Customers

Connie Zesch-Luense

Reduction in Hours

Dorothy A. Abbas

Reduction in Pay

Dorothy A. Abbas

Reduction in Responsibility

Dorothy A. Abbas

Scheduling and Shift Changes

Dorothy A. Abbas

Silent Treatment

Dorothy A. Abbas

Termination of Employment

Connie Zesch-Luense

Termination of Or Failure to Renew Lease

Darrell Harvey

Threatened Lawsuit

Dorothy A. Abbas

Unequal Rent

Darrell Harvey

Witholding Information Required for Work

Dorothy A. Abbas


ADMINISTRATIVE LAW

Absolute Immunity From Libel Actions for Statements Made in Administrative Proceedings

Dorothy A. Abbas

Official Notice

Dorothy A. Abbas

Vincent Lewis

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Connie Zesch-Luense

Proposed Decision

Darrell Harvey

Standing to Sue Doctrine

Tammy R. Collins


DEFENSES (BOTH VALID AND INVALID)

Affirmative Defenses

Dorothy A. Abbas

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Back Pay Limited By Hire on a Trial Basis

Connie Zesch-Luense

Back Pay Limited to Dates of Employment In Absence of Constructive Discharge

Alice Peyton

Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ)

Stacey Davies

Business Necessity

Maxine Boomgarden

Failure to Mitigate Damages

Dorothy A. Abbas (Proposed Decision)

Maxine Boomgarden

Lack of Agency Relationship

Stacey Davies

Legitimate Factors in a Mixed Motives Case

Dorothy A. Abbas

Legitimate Non-Discriminatory Reasons

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Nature of the Occupation Defense

Stacey Davies

Physician-Patient Relationship

Stacey Davies

Post Complaint Service of Protected Class Persons

Connie Zesch-Luense

Protected Class - Member Of

Connie Zesch-Luense

Qualifications

Alice Peyton

Statute of Limitations

Alice Peyton

Veteran's Preference

Maxine Boomgarden

Undue Hardship

Ronald E. Nicol

 

DEFINITIONS

Agent

Stacey Davies

Aggrieved Person

Tammy R. Collins

Burden of Persuasion

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Connie Zesch-Luense

Burden of Production

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Business Necessity

Maxine Boomgarden

Continuing Violation

Alice Peyton

Direct Evidence

Darrell Harvey

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Disparate Impact

Maxine Boomgarden

Disparate Treatment

Darrell Harvey

Maxine Boomgarden

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Employer

Alice Peyton

Equal Effort

Alice Peyton

Equal Responsibility

Alice Peyton

Equal Skill

Alice Peyton

Interest (With Respect to Damages)

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Connie Zesch-Luense

Judicial Notice

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Judicial Proceeding

Dorothy A. Abbas

Official Notice

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

"Owner of Rights to Housing"

Vi ncent Lewis

Person

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies

Prima Facie Case

Dorothy A. Abbas (Proposed Decision)

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Reasonable Attorney's Fee

James A. Montz (Attorney's fees)

Maxine Boomgarden (Attorney's fees)

Reasonable Person of the Victim's Sex Standard. (Also Known as the "Reasonable Victim" or "ReasonableWoman" Standard)

Request for Admissions

Tammy R. Collins

Similar Working Conditions

Alice Peyton

Standing to Sue Doctrine

Tammy R. Collins

Stipulation

James A. Montz (Attorney's fees)

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Maxine Boomgarden (Attorney fees)

 

EVIDENCE AND PROOF

Admissions on Brief

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Burden of Persuasion

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Burden of Production

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Circumstantial Evidence

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Credibility of Witnesses

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Connie Zesch-Luense

Direct Evidence

Dorothy A. Abbas

Darrell Harvey

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Evidence Taken Subject to the Objection

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Judicial Notice

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Objections

Maxine Boomgarden

Connie Zesch-Luense

Objections Noted in the Record

Maxine Boomgarden

Official Notice

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Order and Allocation of Proof: Disparate Impact

Maxine Boomgarden

Order and Allocation of Proof: Disparate Treatment: Circumstantial Evidence "Pretext" Cases.

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Connie Zesch-Luense

Order and Allocation of Proof: Disparate Treatment: Direct Evidence Cases

Dorothy A. Abbas

Darrell Harvey

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Order and Allocation of Proof: Disparate Treatment: Mixed Motives

Dorothy A. Abbas

Tammy R. Collins

Order and Allocation of Proof: Hostile Work Environment and Harassment Cases

Dorothy A. Abbas

Preponderance of the Evidence

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Connie Zesch-Luense

Pretext

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Prima Facie Case

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Proof of Attorney Fees

James A. Montz (Attorney fees)

Maxine Boomgarden (Attorney fees)

Proof of Back Pay

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Proof of Business Necessity

Maxine Boomgarden

Proof of Causal Connection in Retaliation Cases

Dorothy A. Abbas

Proof of a Continuing Violation

Alice Peyton

Proof of Disparate Impact

Maxine Boomgarden

Proof of Disparate Treatment

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Proof of Employer Liability for Harassment By Coworkers and Supervisors

Dorothy A. Abbas

Proof of Emotional Distress

Dorothy A. Abbas

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Proof of Failure to Consider\Hire\Promote

Maxine Boomgarden

Stacey Davies

Proof of Failure to Mitigate Damages

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Proof of Failure to Provide Equal Services

Connie Zesch-Luense

Proof of Failure to Sell Housing

Vincent Lewis

Proof of Legitimate Non-Discriminatory Reasons

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Proof of Pay or Wage Discrimination

Alice Peyton

Proof of Pretext

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Proof of Retaliation

Dorothy A. Abbas

Relevancy

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Connie Zesch-Luense

Request for Admissions

Tammy R. Collins

Stipulation

James A. Montz (Attorney's Fees)

Maxine Boomgarden (Attorney's Fees)

Testimony

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Connie Zesch-Luense

Unduly Repetitious Evidence

Cristen Harms (Friedman Motorcars, Ltd. Cases)

 

PROCEDURE AND JURISDICTION

Aggrieved Person

Tammy R. Collins

Connie Zesch-Luense

Attorney's Fees Procedure

James A. Montz (Attorney's Fees)

Maxine Boomgarden (Attorney's Fees)

Continuing Violation

Alice Peyton

Request for Admissions

Tammy R. Collins

Retained Jurisdiction

Maxine Boomgarden

Standing to Sue Doctrine

Tammy R. Collins

REMEDIES

Actual Damages

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Advertising Requirements

Maxine Boomgarden

Tammy R. Collins Attorneys Fees

James A. Montz (Attorney's fees)

Maxine Boomgarden (Attorney's fees)

Connie Zesch-Luense

Back Pay

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Cease and Desist Order

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Consequential (Special) Damages

Darrell Harvey

Costs

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Emotional Distress Damages

Dorothy A. Abbas

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Failure to Mitigate

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Front Pay

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Interest

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Interim Earnings

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Medical Insurance

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Moving Expenses

Darrell Harvey

Posting of Notices

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Reinstatement

Dorothy A. Abbas

Reporting Requirements

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Connie Zesch-Luense

Written Policies

Maxine Boomgarden

Alice Peyton

Stacey Davies


STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE RULES.

Dorothy A. Abbas

Darrell Harvey

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

 

THEORIES OF DISCRIMINATION

Disparate Impact

Maxine Boomgarden

Disparate Treatment

Dorothy A. Abbas

Maxine Boomgarden

Darrell Harvey

Vincent Lewis

Alice Peyton

Tammy R. Collins

Stacey Davies

Connie Zesch-Luense

Hostile Working Environment - Racial/Sexual/Retaliatory Harassment Theory

Dorothy A. Abbas